Probation and Parole
Pre-Sentence Investigation Report
- A document prepared by a probation officer upon request of the court or a prosecutor that includes information about the offender's personal and criminal history, social background, circumstances leading up to the offense, and the level of recidivism risk the offender poses to the community. The purpose of the report is to assist the court or prosecutor in determining an appropriate sentence or decision for the offender.
Types of Report
|Pre-sentencing Investigation report
|Requested by the court in a criminal case to evaluate applicable sentences and also factors that may contribute to peripheral orders such as rehabilitation programs or probation.
|Pre-Request Investigation for a Prosecutor
|Requested by the prosecutor in a sexual offense case or felonies to determine the eligibility and necessity of supervision through electronic tracking devices or chemical castration for the offender.
|Pre-Decision Investigation for a Court
|Requested by the court in a domestic or juvenile case to obtain necessary information relevant to determining the social needs and restrictions for the offender and make a protective disposition accordingly.
|Pre-Decision Investigation for a Prosecutor
|Requested by a prosecutor before a case is filed in court to determine a suitable decision regarding offences involving child abuse or one that is conducted by a juvenile or mentally-ill offender.
|Social Environment Investigation
|A chief of juvenile detention center or juvenile jail request the social environment investigation for the treatment, program and early release decision.
Types of Reports
- Criminal Investigation Stage: Pre-indictment Investigation, pre-request investigation
- Trial Stage: Protection cases (investigation before decision - juvenile protection case, domestic protection case, child protection case, sex trafficking protection case), criminal cases (pre-sentencing investigation)
- Execution Stage: (juvenile case) Environmental investigation
What is included in the Report?
- Character, mental state, crime motive, occupation, living environment, network of friends, family, status of damage recovery, risk of recidivism of the offender, etc.
How the investigation is conducted
- A probation officer summons the offender to probation office or visits the accommodating facility or residence, and interviews with him/her and conducts psychological examination of the person, and interviews with a victim and related persons, such as family, friends, and accomplice.