Probation and Parole
- A probation officer objectively and scientifically investigates the social atmosphere of offenders based on the request from a court or a prosecutor, and submits the investigation reports. This report is used as basic document for a decision of a court or a prosecutor.
Types of Investigations
|Pre-sentencing Investigation||Court||A court requests the investigation when it is considered necessary for whether to impose probation, community service order, intervention order, or electronic monitoring order.|
|Pre-Request Investigation for a Prosecutor||Prosecutor||A prosecutor demands the investigation when it is considered necessary for whether to request electronic monitoring order or pharmacological treatment order of sex offenders to a court.|
|Pre-Decision Investigation for a Court||Court||A court requests the investigation when it is considered necessary for whether to impose a disposition against domestic violence offenders, child abusers, customers and prostitutes, and juveniles.|
|Pre-Decision Investigation for a Prosecutor||Prosecutor||A prosecutor requests the investigation when it is considered necessary for how to decide in juvenile, child abuse, and mentally ill offenders cases.|
|Social Environment Investigation||Chief of Institution Requiring Investigation||A chief of juvenile detention center or juvenile jail request the social environment investigation for the treatment, program and early release decision.|
Types of Investigations by Stage (Fig. - Criminal Investigation Stage - Trial Stage - Execution Stage)
- Criminal Investigation Stage: Pre-indictment Investigation, pre-request investigation
- Trial Stage: Protection cases (investigation before decision - juvenile protection case, domestic protection case, child protection case, sex trafficking protection case), criminal cases (pre-sentencing investigation)
- Execution Stage: (juvenile case) Environmental investigation
- Character, mental state, crime motive, occupation, living environment, network of friends, family, status of damage recovery, risk of recidivism of the offender, etc.
- A probation officer summons the offender to probation office or visits the accommodating facility or residence, and interviews with him/her and conducts psychological examination of the person, and interviews with a victim and related persons, such as family, friends, and accomplice.